Around 85% of accidental drowning happen every year at open water sites. People’s lack of knowledge and understanding of open water safety is the main reason these happen.
Yorkshire being the biggest county has quite a few open water places, we don’t want you to not enter water and have fun, we just want you to do it safely and enjoy yourself. After all after a good days hiking I love to cool down in open water.
Before we go on lefts define what open water swimming is. Open water swimming takes place in bodies of water which is outside. Such as lakes, canals, rivers, reservoirs and quarries.
Flat water is defined as water that has very little movement, (excluding for locally induced wind currents). Examples of flat water is lakes, ponds, quarry pool, lochs, reservoirs.
Flat water found in lakes and lochs is often the safest open water. Water always comes with an inherent risk and you must always take care and be aware of your surroundings.
Open Water Safety Tips
The conditions at open water sites change constantly, so check even if you have been before.
Always look for guidance and warning signs
Always Swim parallel with the shore, not away from it
Avoid drifting in the currents
Do not enter fast flowing water
Be aware of underwater hazards
Get out of the water as soon as you start to feel cold
Never enter the water after consuming alcohol or drugs
Only enter the water in areas with adequate supervision and rescue cover
Always wear a buoyancy aid or lifejacket for activities on the water or at the water’s edge (such as when boating or fishing)
Always take someone with you when you go into or near water. If something goes wrong they will be able to get help
If someone is in difficulty in the water shout reassurance to them and shout for help and call the emergency services (call 999 or 112)
Without endangering yourself see if you can reach out to them with a stick, pole or item of clothing – lie down to ensure you stay secure. Alternatively throw something buoyant to them such as a ring buoy or anything that will float
Do’s, Don’ts and the Dangers of Open water Swimming
Swim at unsupervised (un-lifeguarded sites) including lakes, quarries reservoirs and rivers
Jump into the water until you have acclimatised to the water temperature
Jump into the water from heights or ‘tombstone’
Swim into deep water which will be colder
Swim at supervised (lifeguarded) sites
Swim parallel with the shore, where you can quickly get to safety
Swim with friends or family, so that you can help each other if you need to
Look for signs and advice about the specific dangers at the place where you are swimming
Think about what you will do if something goes wrong
Contact a reputable outdoor pursuits or coasteering centre if you want to take part in more extreme activities
Dangers of open water include:
The height of the fall or jump if tombstoning
The depth of the water – this changes and is unpredictable
Submerged objects may not be visible
Obstacles or other people in the water
Lack of safety equipment and increased difficulty for rescue
The shock of cold water can make swimming difficult and increase the difficulty in getting out of the water
Strong currents can rapidly sweep people away
Uneven banks and river beds
Water quality eg toxic algal blooms and industrial/agricultural pollution
All of these hazards can be controlled through proper organization and planning.
If someone is in difficulty in the water
Shout reassurance to them and shout for help and ensure the emergency services are on their way (call 999 or 112)
Without endangering yourself, see if you can reach out to them, extend your reach with a stick, pole, item of clothing, lie down or stay secure. Alternatively throw something buoyant to them such as a ring buoy, part filled plastic container, ball or anything that will float.
Keep your eye on them all the time and shout reassurance urging them to propel themselves to safety.